Dark side of beekeeping in India
"In Gujarat, people are taking more interest in the business of the honeybee than the business of honey."
We are working in the field of beekeeping from 2012. We have seen a lot of up-down in these years. For every new person who willing to start beekeeping, this article became useful for them.
At present, millions of enthusiastic youths and farmers in our country are looking forward to the business of beekeeping. In which our honorable Prime Minister Modi's "Sweet Revolution" is a major contributor. Beekeeping is the need of the present time. It has hidden solution of many problems related to health, unemployment and pollination problem of the agricultural farm.
But like every coin gets two-sides, the same downside is also developing.
"In Gujarat, people are taking more interest in the business of the honeybee than the business of honey." Due to this kind of activity, many enthusiastic youngsters and innocent farmers are being victimized. Some people are selling honeybee by speaking seductive and fiction talks, who have never even produced honey in a commercial way. Or just they are the broker of honey bees.
There is a belief in people's mind that beekeeping is the same as animal husbandry but the reality is very different. By keeping apiary or bee colonies/boxes at one place, it is not possible to produce honey in a commercial way. Because it is almost nonsensical that you would able to provide huge amounts of flower in one place for 365 days.
Suppose we have 100 bee colonies or bee boxes, then we should have 100 acres of land which is full of flowers. If this is possible then we will get profitable income from beehives. That is why a beekeeper migrates their beehives according to the season.
Crop such as Mustard (sarso), Thyme (ajwain), Fennel (soph), Coriander(dhania), Pigeon pea (tuver), Sesame, Alfalfa, Babul, and coconut are useful for production of honey in Gujarat.
A beginner should note that crop such as wheat, cotton, peanut, jowar, paddy, etc., are not useful for honey production.
The geographical condition of Gujarat and North India is very different. In Gujarat, production of honey is very low, some reasons are high temperature and humidity, more amount of green bee-eater(a green colored bird which is able to catch honeybee from the air) and more use of pesticides in the farm.
There are many confusions in the people's minds about the economic value of honey. If a person sells his own honey by himself, then he will be able to earn sufficient amount of money according to quality of honey and marketing. But if he sells his honey to a wholesaler or company, then he will get a negligible amount of money.
That is why I recommend that any person who is willing to start beekeeping, please inspect/ survey the market first.
Mostly a person who only trades honeybees has exaggeration stories. So before making any project report and taking loan one should need to know this business correctly. So it is better to start with a small step, then go ahead with more experience and investment.
Be sure about the insecticide used in the farm area before placing honeybee boxes for pollination in the farm of pomegranate, mango, etc. Although the honeybee is a very gentle insect (despite having a sting ... !!), it does not stand in front of the pesticide. The list of horticulture farmers who have failed in beekeeping is very big.
My personal opinion is that those who have a sensible attachment to the honeybee then go ahead in this field. Honeybee would sting quickly those who consider only economic aspect.
If you are looking for beekeeping training, you are at right place. We will serve you all the information about honey and honeybees. Today's article is about training on beekeeping.
Why is training required on beekeeping?
Because you are looking for an insect on which you will find more literature after mankind. The honeybee is not an ordinary insect but its rather than extraordinary. If you observe the honeybee peacefully, you will find the magic of nature. The honeybee is the perfectly designed creature created by nature during the process of evolution.
Life of honeybee is depended only on the flowers. Source of food for survival for a honeybee is only a flower. Each organ from head to nail is the perfect tool for survival of their life and also for the survival of plants. Actually its matter of survival of mankind. The genius scientist Albert Einstein had quoted somewhere in a book that "If the honeybees are destroyed from the earth, in just four years, all living creatures will end."
So if you want to be a successful beekeeper, you must have knowledge of the behavior of the honeybee, anatomy of the honeybee and some general ideas of bee-friendly flowers.
Here I want to clear one matter that commercial beekeeping is not a stationary business. It is not possible to cultivate bee-friendly flowers for 365 days at one place. So if you really want a proper financial output from beekeeping, you must have to migrate beehives according to seasons.
According to my five-year experience in the field of beekeeping in Gujarat, I found that there are many bee-friendly crops which are cultivated in Gujarat. We have fertilized land in which bee-friendly crop such as coriander, fennel, sesame, thyme, pigeon peas, mustard, mung, black gram, cotton, pearl millet, sunflower etc are cultivated. And also have horticulture plants like coconut, berry, drumstick, mango tree and eucalyptus. Wild plants such as babul and acacia are also found in Gujarat. This huge biodiversity of crops and plants influence the success of beekeeping activity in Gujarat.
So there is a good opportunity for a hobby beekeeper to convert into commercial beekeeper in Gujarat. We are engaged in beekeeping since 2012. Our trained employees manage all the beekeeping activities according to Good Beekeeping Practices (GBP) suggested by national bee board.
Training includes such topics.:
Life in beehive: Our trained persons will help you to understand the life cycle of the honeybee, their labor distribution, and their socialism.
Handling of beehive: This includes equipment handling which are useful in beekeeping.
Beehive nutrition: If you want more honey from beehives, you must have knowledge of diet of the honeybee.
Apiary management: Selection of apiary site also have an influence on the growth of honeybees and production of honey.
Migration of apiary: This is the toughest job in beekeeping which required proper training.
Production and sales of honey and beehives: Our sales expert will help you to encourage your sale of honey and beehives.
Pollination service of honeybee: One should also produce income by the pollination services of the honeybees.
Troubleshooting of issues in beekeeping: We also support to fight against the predators and disease of honeybees.